Optimisation techniques for planning automatic under frequency load shedding in New Zealand's power system

John Boland, Robert Burdett, Conrad Edwards

Abstract


Electricity generation is vital in developed countries to power the many mechanical and electrical devices that people require. Unfortunately electricity generation is costly. Although electricity can be generated easily but not normally stored. Electricity generation is also difficult to manage because exact demand is unknown from one instant to the next. A number of services are required to manage fluctuations in electricity demand, and to protect the system when frequency falls below acceptable levels. A current approach is called automatic under frequency load shedding. This article proposes new methods for optimising this approach in New Zealand's power system. The core ideas were developed during the 2015 Maths and Industry Study Group in Brisbane, Australia. The problem was motivated by Transpower Limited, a company that manages New Zealand's power system and transports bulk electricity from where it is generated to where it is needed. The approaches developed in this article can be used in electrical power systems anywhere in the world.


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Keywords


Electricity Grid, Load Shedding, Optimisation, Heuristics, Data Reduction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21914/anziamj.v57i0.10015



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