Semi-analytical solutions for the Brusselator reaction-diffusion model
Keywords:semi-analytical solutions, reactionâ€“diffusion, Brusselator model, Hopf bifurcations, limit cycle, system of ordinary differential equations.
AbstractSemi-analytical solutions are derived for the Brusselator system in one- and two-dimensional domains. The Galerkin method is processed to approximate the governing partial differential equations via a system of ordinary differential equations. Both steady-state concentrations and transient solutions are obtained. Semi-analytical results for the stability of the model are presented for the identified critical parameter value at which a Hopf bifurcation occurs. The impact of the diffusion coefficients on the system is also considered. The results show that diffusion acts to stabilize the systems better than the equivalent nondiffusive systems with the increasing critical value of the Hopf bifurcation. Comparison between the semi-analytical and numerical solutions shows an excellent agreement with the steady-state transient solutions and the parameter values at which the Hopf bifurcations occur. Examples of stable and unstable limit cycles are given, and Hopf bifurcation points are shown to confirm the results previously calculated in the Hopf bifurcation map. The usefulness and accuracy of the semi-analytical results are confirmed by comparison with the numerical solutions of partial differential equations. doi:10.1017/S1446181117000311
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