â€˜Mathematical exerciseâ€™ on a solvable stochastic control model for animal migration
Keywords:Animal migration, mixed stochastic optimal control, variational inequality
AbstractAnimal migration is a mass biological phenomenon indispensable for comprehension and assessment of food-webs. So far, theoretical models to describe decision-making processes inherent in the animal migration have not been well established, which is the motivation of this research. It is natural to formulate the animal migration based on a stochastic control theory, which can describe system dynamics and its optimization in stochastic environment. To address this issue, a conceptual stochastic control model for the decision-making processes in animal migration is introduced and mathematically analysed. Its novelty is mathematical simplicity and the new theoretical, stochastic control viewpoint. Stochastic differential equations govern the animal population dynamics with gradual and radical migrations from the current habitat toward the next one. The population decides the occurrences, magnitudes, and timings of the migrations, so that a heuristic performance index is maximised. I derive a variational inequality that governs the maximised performance index and is exactly solvable. Its free boundaries govern the gradual and radical migrations. Despite the model simplicity, the exact solution is consistent with the empirical observation results of fish migration, implying its potential applicability to animal migration. The present model can be used for assessing fish migration. References
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Proceedings Engineering Mathematics and Applications Conference