Parasitic current generation in Combined Level Set and Volume of Fluid immiscible fluid simulations

Dalton J E Harvie, Murray Rudman, Malcolm R Davidson


The Continuum Surface Force technique is a popular tool used to implement surface tension forces in Eulerian based Computational Fluid Dynamics codes. Under this technique, inaccuracies present in calculating the surface tension force can manifest themselves as `parasitic' currents. We detail a new Combined Level Set and Volume of Fluid implementation of the Continuum Surface Force method. We then develop a correlation for the magnitude of parasitic currents that are generated under this new method, as a function of both the numerical and physical parameters employed in a simulation. A set of numerical experiments validate this correlation and show that, importantly, the magnitude of currents produced by the method decreases as the computational cell size reduced.

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