Asymmetrical cell division with exponential growth
Keywords:nonlocal partial differential equations, functional partial differential equations
An advanced pantograph-type partial differential equation, supplemented with initial and boundary conditions, arises in a model of asymmetric cell division. Methods for solving such problems are limited owing to functional (nonlocal) terms. The separation of variables entails an eigenvalue problem that involves a nonlocal ordinary differential equation. We discuss plausible eigenvalues that may yield nontrivial solutions to the problem for certain choices of growth and division rates of cells. We also consider the asymmetric division of cells with linear growth rate which corresponds to "exponential growth” and exponential rate of cell division, and show that the solution to the problem is a certain Dirichlet series. The distribution of the first moment of the biomass is shown to be unimodal.