Bounds on the critical times for the Fisher-KPP equation
Keywords:Fisher-KPP equation, critical time, upper and lower solutions, population dynamics
The Fisher–Kolmogorov–Petrovsky–Piskunov (Fisher–KPP) equation is one of the prototypical reaction–diffusion equations and is encountered in many areas, primarily in population dynamics. An important consideration for the phenomena modelled by diffusion equations is the length of the diffusive process. In this paper, three definitions of the critical time are given, and bounds are obtained by a careful construction of the upper and lower solutions. The comparison functions satisfy the nonlinear, but linearizable, partial differential equations of Fisher–KPP type. Results of the numerical simulations are displayed. Extensions to some classes of reaction–diffusion systems and an application to a spatially heterogeneous harvesting model are also presented.