Numerical investigation on the liquid-liquid, two phase flow in a Y-shaped microchannel


  • Xian Wang
  • Hiroyuki Hirano
  • N. Okamoto



A liquid-liquid, two phase, flow in a Y-shaped microchannel was numerically studied. Liquids 1~and~2, which are immiscible into each other, were injected into a Y-shaped microchannel from the two lateral channels respectively. The widths of the lateral and main channels are ten microns. The lengths of the lateral channels and main channel are five and 15 times of the channel width. The Volume of Fluid method was used to track the liquid-liquid interface, and Piecewise-Liner Interface Construction resolved a sharp interface. The interfacial tension was simulated with the Continuum Surface Force model with a wall adhesion boundary condition. The results show that a zebra flow mode appears in the main channel. For a certain inlet velocity, the length of zebra stripe depends on the interfacial tension force and inclined angles of two lateral channels. The length of a zebra stripe is short at large interfacial tension. As for the effect of confluent angles of Y-shaped junction, the zebra stripe length is largest when the inclined angles of two lateral channels are~$45^\circ$ and smallest when a T-shaped junction is used. References
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