Modelling and simulation of volumetric rainfall for a catchment in the Murray-Darling Basin

John Boland, Phil Howlett, Julia Piantadosi, roslinazairimah Zakaria


We discuss modelling and simulation of volumetric rainfall in a catchment of the Murray–Darling Basin – an important food production region in Australia that was seriously affected by a recent prolonged drought. Consequently, there has been sustained interest in development of improved water management policies. In order to model accumulated volumetric catchment rainfall over a fixed time period, it is necessary to sum weighted rainfall depths at representative sites within each sub-catchment. Since sub-catchment rainfall may be highly correlated, the use of a Gamma distribution to model rainfall at each site means that catchment rainfall is expressed as a sum of correlated Gamma random variables. We compare four different models and conclude that a joint probability distribution for catchment rainfall constructed by using a copula of maximum entropy is the most effective.



rainfall modelling, correlated Gamma distributions, copulas of maximum entropy


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ANZIAM Journal, ISSN 1446-8735, copyright Australian Mathematical Society.