# Asymptotic Expansion and Numerical Solution for Gravity Waves in a Porous Media

## Authors

• Ikha Magdalena Bandung Institute of Technology
• H. Q. Rif'atin
• L H Wiryanto} Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

## Keywords:

nonlinear diffusive wave equation, Asymptotic expansion method, dispersion relation, staggered finite volume method

## Abstract

In this paper, we study wave interaction with a porous structure. A nonlinear diffusive wave equation is used to describe gravity surface wave propagation in a porous media. We solve the equations using asymptotic expansion method and numerically using a staggered finite volume method. We then derive the dispersion relation that holds for gravity waves inside a porous structure. This dispersion relation explains the diffusive mechanism of wave amplitude inside the porous structure. Analysis of the dispersion relation shows that amplitude reduction depends on porous medium parameters such as porosity, friction coefficient, length of the structure, and wave frequency. To validate our numerical scheme, we compare the wave reduction amplitude from the numerical result with the asymptotic solution. A good agreement of the comparison is observed. Furthermore, the numerical model is employed to investigate the effectiveness of porous media in dissipating wave energy of an incoming wave. The results from this paper can be used to determine the optimum dimension of the porous medium so that the incoming wave can be reduced as much as possible to protect shoreline. References
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## Author Biography

### H. Q. Rif'atin

Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia

2019-01-07

## Section

Proceedings Engineering Mathematics and Applications Conference