Efficient solvers for the shallow water equations on a sphere

Ilya Tregubov, Thanh Tran

Abstract


We present a finite element method using spherical splines to solve the shallow water equations on a sphere involving satellite data. We compare the proposed method with a meshless method using radial basis functions. The use of either radial basis functions or spherical splines leads to ill-conditioned systems of linear equations. To accelerate the solution process we use additive Schwarz and alternate triangular preconditioners. Some numerical experiments are presented to show the effectiveness of both preconditioners.

References
  • P. Alfeld, M. Neamtu and L. L. Schumaker. Bernstein--Bezier polynomials on spheres and sphere-like surfaces. Comput. Aided Geom. Design, 13:333--349, 1996. doi:10.1016/0167-8396(95)00030-5
  • P. Alfeld, M. Neamtu and L. L. Schumaker. Dimension and local bases of homogeneous spline spaces. SIAM J. Math. Anal., 27:1482--1501, 1996. doi:10.1137/S0036141094276275
  • P. Alfeld, M. Neamtu and L. L. Schumaker. Fitting scattered data on sphere-like surfaces using spherical splines. J. Comput. Appl. Math., 73:5--43, 1996. doi:10.1016/0377-0427(96)00034-9
  • V. Baramidze, M. J. Lai and C. K. Shumaker. Spherical splines for data interpolation and fitting. SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 28:241--259, 2006. doi:10.1137/040620722
  • N. Flyer and G. B. Wright. A radial basis function method for the shallow water equations on a sphere. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci., 465:1949--1976, 2009. doi:10.1098/rspa.2009.0033
  • J. Galewsky, R. K. Scott and L. M. Polvani. An initial-value problem for testing numerical models of the global shallow-water equations. Tellus A, 56:429--440, 2004. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2004.00071.x
  • A. Gelb and J. P. Gleeson. Spectral viscosity for shallow water equations in spherical geometry. Mon. Wea. Rev., 129:2346--2360, 2001. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2346:SVFSWE>2.0.CO;2
  • A. N. Konovalov. To the theory of the alternating triangle iteration method. Siberian Math. J., 43:439-457, 2002. doi:10.1023/A:1015455317080
  • A. N. Konovalov. The steepest descent method with an adaptive alternating triangular preconditioner. Diff. Equat., 40:1018-1028, 2004. doi:10.1023/B:DIEQ.0000047032.23099.e3
  • A. N. Konovalov. Optimal adaptive preconditioners in static problems of the linear theory of elasticity. Diff. Equat., 45:1044-1052, 2009. doi:10.1134/S0012266109070118
  • M. J. Lai and L. L. Schumaker. Spline Functions on Triangulations. Number v. 13 in Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Its Applications. Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Q. T. Le Gia, I. H. Sloan and T. Tran. Overlapping additive Schwarz preconditioners for elliptic PDEs on the unit sphere. Math. Comp., 78:79--101, 2009. http://www.ams.org/journals/mcom/2009-78-265/S0025-5718-08-02150-9/
  • R. D. Nair. Diffusion experiments with a global discontinuous galerkin shallow-water model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137:3339--3350, 2009. doi:10.1175/2009MWR2843.1
  • T. D. Pham and T. Tran. A domain decomposition method for solving the hypersingular integral equation on the sphere with spherical splines. Numer. Math., 120:117--151, 2012. doi:10.1007/s00211-011-0404-1
  • T. D. Pham, T. Tran and A. Chernov. Pseudodifferential equations on the sphere with spherical splines. Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci., 21:1933--1959, 2011. doi:10.1142/S021820251100560X
  • T. D. Pham, T. Tran and S. Crothers. An overlapping additive Schwarz preconditioner for the Laplace--Beltrami equation using spherical splines. Adv. Comput. Math., 37:93--121, 2012. doi:10.1007/s10444-011-9200-9
  • A. A. Samarskii and E. S. Nikolaev. Numerical methods for grid equations. Vol. II. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, 1989. Iterative methods, Translated from the Russian and with a note by Stephen G. Nash.
  • T. Tran, Q. T. Le Gia, I. H. Sloan and E. P. Stephan. Preconditioners for pseudodifferential equations on the sphere with radial basis functions. Numer. Math., 115:141--163, 2010. doi:10.1007/s00211-009-0269-8
  • D. L. Williamson, J. B. Drake and P. N. Swarztrauber. The Cartesian method for solving partial differential equations in spherical geometry. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 27:679--706, 1997. doi:10.1016/S0377-0265(97)00038-9

Keywords


Shallow Water Equations; radial basis function; spherical spline; preconditioning

Full Text:

PDF BIB


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21914/anziamj.v54i0.6301



Remember, for most actions you have to record/upload into this online system
and then inform the editor/author via clicking on an email icon or Completion button.
ANZIAM Journal, ISSN 1446-8735, copyright Australian Mathematical Society.