Natural convection in a triangular enclosure due to non-uniform cooling on top

Suvash Chandra Saha, Y. T. Gu


Natural convection in a triangular enclosure subject to non-uniform cooling at the inclined surfaces and uniform heating at the base is investigated numerically. The numerical simulations of the unsteady flows over a range of Rayleigh numbers and aspect ratios are carried out using the Finite Volume Method. Since the upper surface is cooled and the bottom surface is heated, the air flow in the enclosure is potentially unstable to Rayleigh--Benard instability. Based on the numerical results, the transient flow development in the enclosure is classified into three distinct stages: an early stage, a transitional stage, and a steady stage. In addition, the flow inside the enclosure strongly depends on the governing parameters; Rayleigh number and aspect ratio. The asymmetric behaviour of the flow about the geometric centre line is discussed in detailed. The heat transfer through the roof and the ceiling as a form of Nusselt number is also reported.

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Natural convection, Triangular enclosure, non-uniform cooling

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